Ravings about Programming and Philosophy

Enums Revisited

In a [previous post](/post/reclaiming-enums) we saw that C-style enum syntax can be valid in Python using tracer tricks; but there's a much cleaner way in Python 3.

Selfless Classes, Godless Hacks

In the [previous post](/post/selfless-classes), we managed to get Python classes working without adding ``self`` to their signatures, but we kind of polluted the global namespace and made a mess in the process. This time, we're going to use much darker magic, and rewrite function code on the fly. Viewer discretion is advised.

Selfless Classes

Python is a really cool language: it's clear, concise and beautiful. Not a single feature is surplus, not a single word is unnecessary... Except that whole ``self`` thing; what's the about? Do we really have to add this parameter to every signature of every method? Can't we just have it there automatically, like in any other object-oriented programming language out there?

Tracing Execution

This example is actually the most useful, but it's also the most boring, so I kept it for last. It's a handy decorator to trace function execution, which is especially useful in catching Heisenbugs in production.

Taming Class Scopes

OK, That's a weird one, but it's actually quite handy: say you're using classes for configurations, and want to nest them like so: ```python class config: root = '/app/' class log: path = root + 'log.txt' ``` Turns out that for some obscure reason, scoping doesn't work the way you'd expect it to when it comes to classes: this code ``NameError``s because ``name 'root' is not defined``. Unless...

Taming Class Attributes

Once upon a time, we needed ordered class attributes. That is, given: ```python class A: x = 1 y = 2 z = 3 ``` We needed ``['x', 'y', 'z']``. "That's easy!" you exclaim; and indeed it is, in Python 3.6. "Well, it was possible before that, too!" you retaliate; and indeed it was, since Python 3.0. But what about *before* that? Can you make this code work in Python 2.7? ```python @ordered() class A: x = 1 y = 2 z = 3 assert A._order == ['x', 'y', 'z'] ```

Reclaiming Enums

Do you ever miss the way we used to write C-style enums in the good old days? Yeah, neither do I. But what if I told you this is valid Python code: ```python @cenum() class A: a b c = 10 d assert A.a == 0 assert A.b == 1 assert A.c == 10 assert A.d == 11 ```

Tracer Tricks

The tracer is a wicked cool Python feature that's often overlooked, because it's so... well, wicked. In this series, we learn to use it (which takes about 12 seconds), and then do some really crazy stuff with it.